SAMR Model

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Ruben Puentedura (2013) - Creator of the SAMR model
(Crossover of Technology and Pedagogy)


In a substitution level, teachers or students are only using new technology tools to replace old ones, for instance, using Google Docs to replace Microsoft Word. the task ( writing) is the same but the tools are different.

Though it is a different level, but we are still in the substitution mentality but this time with added functionalities. Again using the example of Google docs, instead of only writing a document and having to manually save it and share it with others, Google Docs provides extra services like auto saving, auto syncing, and auto sharing in the cloud.

This is the level where technology is being used more effectively not to do the same task using different tools but to redesign new parts of the task and transform students learning. An example of this is using the commenting service in Google Docs, for instance, to collaborate and share feedback on a given task task.

If you are to place this level in Blooms revised taxonomy pyramid, it would probably correspond to synthesis and evaluation as being the highest order thinking skills.  "Redefinition means that students use technology to create imperceptibly new tasks. As is shown in the video below an example of redefinition is "when students connect to a classroom across the world where they would each write a narrative of the same historical event using the chat and comment section to discuss the differences, and they  use the voice comments to discuss the differences they noticed and then embed this in the class website".

Lesson: Writing a Short Paper

Original Assignment: A hand written paper.
  • Substitution: A Word Processor replaces a Pen/Pencil in a Writing Assignment.
  • Augmentation: A Word Processor and text-to-speech function are used to improve the writing process.
  • Modification: The document created using the Word Processor and text-to-speech function is shared on a blog where feedback can be received and incorporated to help improve the quality of writing.
  • Redefinition: Instead of a written assignment, students convey analytic thought using multimedia tools.
  • Lesson: Geography & Travel

    A modification of an idea found at
    Original Assignment: An overview of a location consisting of hand written content supplemented with compiled cut-and-pasted magazine clippings.
    • Substitution: Use presentation software (like Powerpoint or Prezi) to construct a presentation providing information about a selected locale.
    • Augmentation: Incorporate interactive multimedia – audio, video, hyperlinks – in the presentation to give more depth and provide more engaging presentation.
    • Modification: Create a digital travel brochure that incorporates multimedia and student created video.
    • Redefinition: Explore the locale with Google Earth; seek out and include interviews with people who have visited the local.

    Lesson: Understanding Shakespeare

    Original Assignment: Read a Shakespeare play in traditional printed format.
    • Substitution: Read Shakespeare texts online.
    • Augmentation: Use online dictionaries, study guides, history sites, to supplement reading.
    • Modification: Use multimedia resources like text, audio, and video tools to jointly construct knowledge, learning, and understanding of a portion of a play, or a character, as a group project.
    • Redefinition: Answer the Question, “What did the culture of the time have on the writing of Shakespeare’s plays” my using a Concept Mapping tool and constructing a mind map demonstrating key elements through words and images.

    An Assessment Exercise

    Idea taken from: and slightly modified. In this example, we take a simple form of assessment and evolve it into a collaborative group project.
    Original AssignmentTake a quiz, answers handwritten in a printed form.
    • Substitution: Distribute the quiz in a Word Processor file format and have student fill in answers on a computer.
    • Augmentation: Use a Google Form to deliver and complete the quiz. “There is some functional benefit here in that paper is being saved, students and teacher can receive almost immediate feedback on student level of understanding of material.  This level starts to move along the teacher / student centric continuum. The impact of immediate feedback is that students may begin to become more engaged in learning.“
    • Modification: As an alternative form of assessment, students could be asked to write an essay around a relevant theme. The written essay could then be narrated and captured as vocal recording.
    • Redefinition: “A classroom is asked to create a documentary video answering an essential question related to important concepts. Teams of students take on different subtopics and collaborate to create one final product.  Teams are expected to contact outside sources for information.”
    Following are some example lessons, evolved through the SAMR model, that I have tried my hand at creating. It's easy to get caught up in worrying about how effectively an approach constitutes “modification” or “redefinition”, but that's not the point of the exercise. To my way of thinking, it's more about understanding the difference between a just replacing or augmenting a “paper” lesson with a “digital” one and actually evolving it in a beneficial way and exploring new possibilities.

    Lesson: Art/Painting

    Original Assignment: Drawing a picture using traditional brush, paint, paper. Of course, there is a a big difference between doing this “by hand” in the traditional manner and doing it digitally – digitally is by no means “better”, it is just different and opens up some interesting possibilities.
    • Substitution: Use a digital drawing/painting program (like MS Paint) to draw/paint a picture.
    • Augmentation: Use a tool that allows the creation of your masterpiece to be “played back” (like Educreations, for example).
    • Modification: Pull a background image to use as a “canvas” – you could even scan something hand drawn and use that.
    • Redefinition: Create Artwork Collaboratively using a Collaborative Online Whiteboard (like Twiddla or one of these other tools).

    Lesson: Email Etiquette

    Original lesson: Review printed copies of Email Etiquette concepts and guidelines.
    • Substitution: Students read an online article discussing Email Etiquette concepts and guidelines.
    • Augmentation: Student read an online article discussing Email Etiquette concepts and guidelines that includes links to examples, and offer comments online indicating their top 5 favorite tips.
    • Modification: Student watch a video discussing Email Etiquette concepts and guidelines and after reviewing the guidelines, they create a Twitter account and Tweet their top 5 tips.
    • Redefinition: Student watch the guidelines video, then assess examples of Email Etiquette ‘violations’ and indicate which guidelines should be applied to correct/improve on the examples.

    Lesson: Learning Fractions

    Original Assignment: Show understanding of fractions on a worksheet by coloring in blocks.
    • Substitution: Use an Excel Worksheet to let students “color in” the blocks.
    • Augmentation: Use Google Sheet to let students “color in” the blocks, where the teacher can offer feedback directly on Google Sheet.
    • Modification: Use Google Sheet and direct students to online examples and supplementary learning materials for areas that they might struggle with.
    • Redefinition: Use a Fractions App instead (here’s a handful of examplesfor iOS devices).

    Lesson: Phys Ed – Learning To Hit a Baseball Well

    Original Assignment: Learning how to hit a baseball by watching and listening to a Coach or Phys Ed instructor show you and then trying it yourself.
    • Substitution: The coach/teacher videos the training exercise and uses this as the lesson.
    • Augmentation: The coach/teacher videos the training exercise and provides links to other training content (videos and articles from other coaches, etc).
    • Modification: The coach/teacher videos the training exercise and “flips” the lesson, having students watch it as homework, and using class time to practice and reinforce techniques.
    • Redefinition: Students watch video examples and practice the techniques, then the coach/teacher videos them hitting balls and provides feedback about their technique.




Your words. Our art. Amazing stories.

Simple tools help you build books in minutes. Let the art inspire and surprise you as you write. Readers will encourage you along the way.

A global community of writers, readers, and artists.

Virtually the ice age

Virtually the ice age

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This is a great site that includes timelines for the ice age and a interactive timeline through the history on earth.

eLearning Trends To Watch In 2017

eLearning Trends To Watch In 2017

Here are the top 10 eLearning trends to watch in 2017.

1. Contextualized Learning

Expect to see a wider acceptance of microlearning and digital learning design that addresses needs of the modern learner. Learning and Development teams will use modern design thinking to modernize typically boring eLearning courses like Onboarding.
The Learning and Development world is waking up to this idea that we need to move beyond just resource-based approaches for eLearning. We need to think about multi-pronged approaches that fit in different consumption windows and patterns, as well as delivering against needs.

2. Two-Way Conversations In eLearning

Changing how you think about learning can help you evolve your content instead of falling into the trap of being out of sync with modern learners’ needs. It’s now easier than ever to capture feedback from learners within content. You can now open up for users’ input and ideas on what they’d like to see or what they need help with.
For example, use your eLearning authoring tool to gauge needs and wants upfront: send out some polls, questionnaires, or content to seed thinking and then capture opinions. Then shape your strategy around it.

3. Better Use Of Data

Using data in an intelligent way can help shape your learners’ experience. For example, using Elucidat you can view analytics to learn how to quickly see where you need to improve your eLearning content.
Data offers a smart way to personalize learning content. For example, show learners how their thinking compares with their peers’ by presenting live social-polling results. Personalize content and serve up certain pages of content specifically for someone’s needs because they answered questions A, C, and F in a certain way.

4. Video, Video, Video

Video content use is increasing. By 2019, video will be responsible for 80 percent of internet traffic around the world. Expect users to share almost one million minutes of video content every second by 2019. Thus, it’s no surprise Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg projects that video will be the most shared content on Facebook within in the next five years.
This opens the door to integrate video platforms, social learning, and video learning in your courses. You can use authoring tools like Elucidat as a video platform and drop in clips from YouTube, Vimeo, Wirewax, and more. And yes, you can build scenarios around them or go for interactive video.
Expect to see more video sharing activity among employees, and live video streaming via video platforms, such as Periscope.

5. Microlearning

Microlearning is more than a fad. It provides a structure to deliver learning content in a way that that fits with what we know about how people learn - short, focused, regular challenges that stretch and, perhaps, reward us. It’s huge in the United States and gradually gaining worldwide popularity. You’ve seen it in learning apps, such as Duolingo, and it’s a model that grows with the learner.
In 2017 you’ll see less discussion on “resources not courses”, and more focus on approaches that use microlearning to personalize and structure content in digestible sizes.

6. Social eLearning

In most organizations, social learning and informal learning happens around eLearning experiences.
There is great power in social polling, where learners can give their opinion or rate something, like a video, and then see what everyone else thinks. This enables learners to explore the gray spaces rather than the strict black and white or right and wrong spaces eLearning has often limited itself to in the past.

7. Content Curation


Curation of content will be on the rise in 2017. Expect to see more carefully selected, user-focused eLearning content, including blogs, forum threads, guides, videos, and articles.
This will help learning teams create a modern and holistic set of learning content delivered via designed content or multiple resources that don’t need to be made from scratch.
Christopher Pappas has a good guide on curation for learning, as does Anders Pink with their checklist for Learning and Development professionals.

8. Mobile Learning

Learning content is accessed via mobile devices by about 70% of learners. That’s why we predict that mobile learning will continue to rise in popularity in 2017. Oftentimes, learners are switching from one device to another depending on their location or needs.
Let’s hope everyone gets their content genuinely responsive, as this has been slow in parts!

9. Performance Support Vs. Learning Experiences

Expect to see Learning and Development teams considering on-the-job support needs for each project in 2017. You will see more learners opt for Google’s and YouTube’s quick look-up materials as a first point of call, and especially when they have an urgent need.
This leaves room for true learning content, and by that we mean learning experiences, not just content. The lengthy “everything goes in” approach will make way for performance-enhancing content that builds competence, reflection, exploration, and personal growth through challenging and provocative content.

10. Go Beyond “eLearning”

The debate about what to call “eLearning” is expected to continue in 2017. Whether you call it “online learning” or “digital performance enablement”, it’s important to realize that what’s needed is a mindset shift to modernize learning design.
We need to think of terms like “eLearning” as being much, much broader than they were five or more years ago. Don’t get obsessed with a “new way” or new name that will inevitably change in a few years anyway.


Image result for yammer

Yammer is a great way to communicate with individuals in your organization and also other experts around the world. I find that when you ask a question about a Microsoft product there is usually an answer and a fix within about 2 minutes.

You can access Yammer through the waffle in the top left corner on you internet browser.

If This Then That


Is a great website for automating what to do for websites and programs. If you do something then you want something else to happen as well you should give this a try. 

Applets for healthy habitsApplets for the Internet of Things
Applets for music loversApplets for weddings
Applets for marketingApplets for smarter shoppers

View more


SmallPDF is great because it lets you manipulate pdf's as much as you want from merging, compressing, converting, adding pictures. It is really easy to use, all you have to do is drag and drop.

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New embeddable content from third-party partners

New embeddable content from third-party partners

Last year, we announced that OneNote supports embedding interactive content such as YouTubeVimeoSlideshareSway, and Office Mix. Today, we are announcing support for a new set of partners to embed content onto the OneNote canvas including:
To view all of our supported embed content, visit this public OneNote notebook, created by @OneNoteC.
Updates for OneNote 7
Quizlet support in OneNote.
Updates for OneNote 8
Geogebra support in OneNote Online.

OneNote Class Notebook and LMS updates

We recently announced these updates to OneNote Class Notebook:
  • Read/Unread support for page distributions and assignments in the Class Notebook add-in for OneNote.
  • New LMS’s supported in the Class Notebook add-in for OneNote.
In addition, we are about to launch new assignment and grade support for the Skooler LMS in the next update of the Class Notebook add-in for OneNote desktop. You can learn more at our Education Partner page. We plan to continually improve these tools and deliver on top requests in 2017, just as we did in 2016. Check out the 2016 recap for OneNote.
Please don’t hesitate to email us directly at, where the OneNote Class Notebook product team reads through every piece of feedback received. We’re excited for teachers to try out these new improvements and look forward to hearing feedback!

Office Lens for iPad and the Immersive Reader

We are also announcing the availability of Office Lens for iPad. Shipping together with an improved version of Office Lens for iPhone, both apps have Learning Tools built right in. Scan documents and whiteboards with your iPad or iPhone camera. Launching the Immersive Reader lets you hear the text from the printed page read back to you. The words are highlighted as they’re read to make them accessible for all students.
OneNote update post Jan GIF
With the bigger screen on the iPad, going from physical to accessible digital content is easier and more compelling than ever. And, as always, you can save the content into OneNote and OneDrive easily. You can get Office Lens today in theiPad Store.
Download Office Lens for free on your WindowsiOS or Android device today!

Grading on OneNote class

OneNote Class Notebook add-in now includes grade scales, improved LMS integration and sticker customization

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Since launching the OneNote Class Notebook add-in a year ago, hundreds of thousands of teachers have downloaded and started using the add-in. Teachers all over the world have saved time in distributing assignments, individualizing learning, connecting to their existing systems’ assignments/grades and reviewing student work all within Class Notebooks.
First-grade teacher at the Ashton Elementary School, Rachel Montisano, said, “Now, with two clicks, I can send out all the tabs/pages I created or wanted to share with the students. Truly remarkable! Microsoft had just given me a tool that made me an even more effective teacher and gave me time back!”
Today’s updates for the Class Notebook add-in for OneNote desktop update include:
  • Grade scale support for Canvas and Skooler.
  • Skooler joins the OneNote add-in family.
  • Stickers—now includes the ability to customize.

Grade scale support for Canvas and Skooler

Last spring, we released Assignment and Grade integration for the OneNote Class Notebook. A top request from teachers and schools using Learning Management Systems (LMS) and Student Information Systems (SIS) has been to support additional assignment values beyond just 1-100 points. Many LMS and SIS have richer grade scales—such as custom points, letter grades, pass/fail, percentages—and teachers want to be able to have more flexibility in the assignments they create.
Today, we are releasing the initial updates to allow grade scale support, depending on the LMS or SIS being used. The first two partners that support grades scales are Canvas and Skooler. The Class Notebook add-in will support different grade scales, based on what the specific LMS or SIS supports.
In the example below, a teacher can choose a “Letter Grade” type when creating the assignment, and the assignment will be created in Canvas with that attribute. When the teacher goes to enter grades under the Review Student Work choice, a letter grade can be entered.
Example of grade scale support in Canvas.

Skooler joins the OneNote add-in family

Today, we welcome Skooler to the Class Notebook add-in family for assignment and grade support. Watch the Getting Started with Skooler video to learn more. As mentioned above, our Skooler integration will also add grade scale support.
To see the current list of committed education partners, please visit our new OneNote Education Partners page.

Stickers—now includes the ability to customize

Last month, we announced the arrival of stickers for OneNote Online and Windows 10. Today, the Class Notebook add-in for OneNote 2013 and OneNote 2016 for the desktop includes stickers, including the ability to customize them. To add a sticker to your page, check the Insert menu after you install the latest version of the add-in. We will release more sticker packs in the future—based on student and teacher feedback—so stay tuned!
OneNote Class Notebook add-in updates 2
Customizable stickers in OneNote desktop.
Since the school year started, we’ve been making improvements to the Class Notebook add-in for OneNote on the desktop. To update your OneNote Class Notebook add-in, just click the Update button on your toolbar to download and install the latest version. If you’ve never installed the Class Notebook add-in, you can get it from the OneNote Class Notebook website.